What It Means To Be a Good Uke

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Uke and Tori Drilling a pass

What is the Role of the BJJ Uke?

In the world of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, the role of the “uke,” or the person who “receives” a technique, is a critical aspect of the learning and practicing process. As an uke, your primary responsibility is to act as the training partner for the “tori,” the one who practices the designated technique. The dynamic between the tori and the uke is one of mutual trust and cooperation; the uke allows the tori to practice and refine their techniques, while the uke, in turn, learns about these techniques from a different perspective and develops their own skills of anticipation, flexibility, and resilience.

Importance of Being A Good Uke

Being a good uke in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu goes beyond merely playing a passive role in training sessions. As an uke, you play a crucial role in creating a productive and safe learning environment. A good uke understands the mechanics of the techniques, offers the right amount of resistance, knows how to fall safely, and communicates effectively with the tori. Moreover, being a good uke is also a pathway for personal growth; it enhances your understanding of the art, fosters resilience, promotes mindfulness, and builds a sense of camaraderie and respect within the BJJ community. Therefore, improving your skills as an uke is not just beneficial for your partners, but also instrumental in your journey of mastering Brazilian Jiu Jitsu.

Understasnding the Role of the Uke

In this section, we’ll dive into what it means to be an uke in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu. This includes defining the role of an uke, outlining the differences between being an uke and being a regular training partner, and explaining the uke’s responsibilities to the tori.

Defining the role of an Uke

In BJJ, the role of an uke cannot be overstated. An uke, which translates to ‘receiver’ in Japanese, is essentially the training partner who receives the technique that is being practiced. As an uke, your primary role is to facilitate a safe and conducive learning environment for the tori, or the one executing the technique. This involves understanding the mechanics of each technique, offering appropriate resistance, and knowing how to fall and roll safely to prevent injury. I cannot emphasize enough how crucial it is for an uke to effectively communicate with the tori to ensure both parties gain the most out of each practice session.

Differences between an uke and a regular training partner

You might be wondering how being an uke is different from being a regular training partner. The key difference lies in the purpose of each role. As a regular training partner, the focus is often on mutual development and practicing techniques against active resistance. However, as an uke, the focus shifts towards the tori’s learning. While you still gain from the practice, your primary goal is to help the tori understand and execute techniques correctly. This could mean offering less resistance, providing feedback, or repeatedly practicing the same technique to help the tori perfect it.

The Uke's responsibility to the Tori

As an uke, you have a significant responsibility to the tori. Your role goes beyond just receiving techniques; you are an integral part of the tori’s learning process. This means providing the right level of resistance—enough to make the technique realistic, but not so much that it prevents the tori from executing the move correctly. You are also responsible for communicating effectively with the tori, giving constructive feedback when necessary, and ensuring your own safety by knowing how to fall and roll correctly. As an uke, you must remember that you are not trying to ‘win’ against the tori, but rather working collaboratively to enhance understanding and mastery of BJJ techniques.

Charactaristics of a Good Uke

A good uke in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) embodies a combination of physical, emotional, and psychological traits, along with an understanding of the pace of training. These characteristics play a significant role in enhancing the learning experience for both the uke and their partner.

Good physical fitness

a man deadlifting a barbell

Flexibility is a key trait that you should strive to develop. Often, the uke must accommodate somewhat uncomfortable positions with ease during training. I found that regular stretching and conditioning exercises have helped me improve my flexibility and adapt to these positions more comfortably. This not only enhances my performance as an uke but also helps in minimizing the risk of injuries.


Endurance is another important aspect of physical fitness for an uke. During my time in BJJ, I have observed that a good drilling session can demand sustaining a moderate heart rate for long periods of time, sometimes up to an hour. In order to be a good uke, it’s crucial to keep up. Regular cardio workouts are a must for anyone who trains Jiu Jitsu. This will help you with your game, as well as your training partner’s.

Emotional and psycological traits

Patience is a critical emotional trait for an uke. During training, your partner may make mistakes or make you physically uncomfortable. It is important to remain patient and give your partner the space to learn and correct their mistakes. It bears repeating, this training session is not about you. Be patient, and help your partner learn.

Focus is another key psychological trait for an uke. During my training sessions, I have made it a point to minimize unnecessary conversation, especially when practicing a technique. While it’s important to communicate with your partner, long, off topic discussions can distract both of you from the main purpose of the session. By maintaining focus, you can ensure that both you and your partner get the most out of our training time.

Empathy is a trait that underpins the role of the uke. Remember, the drilling session is primarily about your partner’s learning. Striving to provide the best experience possible for your partner will help them learn better, and in turn, they will reciprocate when it’s your turn to learn. Cultivating empathy has not only made me a better uke, but also has helped to deepen the trust and understanding between me and my partners.

Understanding The Pace of Training

Finally, as an uke, understanding the pace of training is fundamental. Unlike a competitive roll, the role of the uke is to help the partner learn and practice a technique with a high volume of reps. This requires being mindful of the pace, offering the right level of resistance, and providing helpful feedback. Over time, I have learned to adapt to different paces of training, which has improved my effectiveness as an uke and also enhanced my own technical understanding.


Tips For Being a Good Uke

As a seasoned Brazilian Jiu Jitsu practitioner, I’ve observed that the following practical tips play a crucial role in being a good Uke.

Warm up before the session begins

Come to the session ready to train. Your readiness sets the tone for the quality and efficiency of the training session. Spend a few minutes before the session to get your blood flowing and muscles warmed up. This is not only beneficial for your performance but also prevents injuries as well as communicates to the uke that their time is valuable. It’s not your partner’s responsibility to spend their time warming you up, so it’s crucial to take the initiative and prepare yourself physically.

Proper ukemi (break falling and rolling)

A judo throw

Break Falling:

Learning and practicing good break falls is crucial. When done correctly, it increases the number of reps performed per minute, enabling you and your Tori to get the most out of the training session. Additionally, it ensures your safety by teaching you how to fall without getting injured, which is crucial in a dynamic martial art like Brazilian Jiu Jitsu.



The art of rolling, or performing forward and backward rolls, is another vital part of Ukemi. It’s important because it ensures you won’t be putting too much stress on your neck, a common mistake that can lead to injuries and cut the training session short. Plus, being able to roll smoothly and effortlessly can greatly improve the flow of your movements, making the training session more effective and enjoyable for both you and your Tori.


Overall, remember that being a good Uke is about being a good partner. It’s about understanding your role and responsibilities, maintaining your physical fitness, and continually working to improve your skills and techniques. It might be challenging, but the rewards (improved BJJ skills, stronger relationships with your training partners, and a deeper understanding of the art) are well worth the effort.


Listening and communication skills

Being a good Uke in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) requires not just physical prowess, but also a certain level of mental alertness and responsiveness. Listening and communication skills play a significant role in this aspect. As an Uke, it’s crucial to pay attention to the cues your partner gives you. When your partner asks for help, listen closely and try to understand what they need from you to execute the technique accurately and efficiently. This might involve adjusting your body positioning, providing more or less resistance, or even giving verbal feedback. Remember, good communication between the Tori and the Uke can lead to a more fruitful and productive training session.

Trust your Tori

two men training bjj

Trust forms the cornerstone of any effective martial arts partnership, and this is no less true in BJJ. As an Uke, it’s essential to trust your Tori. You should believe in their intention to learn and improve, and understand that they are not there merely to boost their ego. This mutual trust can promote a safe, respectful, and conducive learning environment. Remember, it’s okay to tap early if you feel uncomfortable or unsafe during any technique. A good Tori will respect your limits and take care of you during practice. Trusting your Tori doesn’t mean putting yourself at unnecessary risk; instead, it involves believing in their intention to respect your safety and well-being while training.

Put it all together

In conclusion, being a good Uke in BJJ is a combination of physical, mental, and emotional elements. By improving your listening and communication skills, trusting your Tori, and continually refining your skills, you can become an excellent Uke and contribute to a positive and effective training environment.

Common Mistakes Made By The Novice Uke

As an Uke in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, there are several common mistakes that you may fall into without proper guidance or understanding. Here are some of them:


One common mistake that I’ve seen when performing the role of an Uke is giving too much resistance. If you’re an Uke helping a partner learn a new move, it’s important not to give them more resistance than necessary. Over-resistance can potentially crush their confidence or even cause undue frustration. As an Uke, you should approach each repetition as directed by your Tori. Remember that you’re there to help them learn and improve, not to challenge them at every turn. 

Two Judo practitioners training

Anticipation of the move

Another common mistake as an Uke is anticipating the move. This occurs when the Uke preemptively reacts to a move that they know is coming, often throwing off the flow of the technique or drill. From my experience in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, it is important to stay in the moment and avoid anticipating moves. As an Uke, your goal is to react naturally and realistically to the Tori’s moves, providing them with an authentic training experience. By avoiding anticipation, you will help your Tori to improve their timing, accuracy, and understanding of each technique.

Why Does Being a Good Uke Matter?

Being a good Uke in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu comes with many benefits that not only enrich your individual training experience, but also greatly contribute to the overall learning environment. 

Increased learning opportunities

As an Uke, you are often exposed to a broad range of techniques, which can significantly increase your learning opportunities. When you consistently practice as an Uke, you get to experience different strategies, positions, and moves, allowing you to understand them from a unique perspective. Over time, this exposure can help improve your technical knowledge and your ability to predict and respond to your opponent’s moves, ultimately enhancing your game.

Buildng trust with new training partners

Uke and Tori having a conversation

Playing the role of an Uke requires a significant amount of trust in your training partner, which can be a great way to earn the trust of others as well. Trust is built through effective communication and an understanding of each other’s limits, strengths, and weaknesses. Being a good Uke means being able to communicate your comfort level to your partner, which fosters a training environment where both parties feel comfortable to learn and grow. This strengthened bond can lead to more productive training sessions and an overall more fulfilling Brazilian Jiu Jitsu journey.

Remember: Drillers make killers

A common mantra amongst Jiujitieros is “drillers make killers.” This phrase highlights the importance of consistent practice and repetition in mastering the art. As an Uke, you’re in the prime position to help someone drill techniques repeatedly. This constant repetition not only helps the Tori, but it also allows you, the Uke, to understand the subtleties and intricacies of each move, which can significantly improve your overall skills.



Let’s quickly recap some of the salient points we’ve discussed. We’ve examined the role of the Uke and the importance of this role in training and practice. We’ve also delved into the characteristics that make a good Uke – physical fitness, psychological traits, basic technical mastery, and an understanding of safety protocols. Practical tips for being a good Uke were shared, alongside some common mistakes to avoid. Lastly, we explored the immense benefits that come with being a good Uke, such as increased learning opportunities, trust building, and improved overall BJJ skills.

Now go train!

As someone who has spent considerable time on the mat, I want to leave you with an encouragement for continual learning and practice. Being a good Uke is not just about helping your training partner; it is also about helping yourself. The patience, endurance, focus, and understanding you gain from playing this role can significantly contribute to your growth, not just as a BJJ practitioner, but also as an individual. Keep in mind, progress in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is a journey and not a destination. So, remain patient, stay humble, and continue to learn. Remember, every time you step onto the mat as an Uke, you’re not only providing a service to your Tori but also developing a deeper understanding and appreciation of the art of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu. So, keep training, keep learning, and keep improving.

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